This section briefly introduces the usage of Smart Boot Manager 3.x.
After installation, please reboot the computer. If it was installed onto a floppy disk, please insert the disk into the floppy drive and boot from this disk. The main interface of this program will appeared if everything is correct. Press F1 for online help.
There is a Boot Menu at the center of the screen containing a list of all partitions and floppy drives found by SmartBtmgr. I call each partition (or floppy drive) a "Boot Record", for example:
Flags Number Type Name --------------------------------------------- ---------D FD0 0 NONE Floppy ---------D HD0 0 NONE Harddisk ---------D HD1 0 NONE Harddisk ---------D CD0 0 NONE CD-ROM * ----aAh--- HD1 1 FAT32 Primary 1 p-k----Hl- HD1 5 FAT32 Logical 5 -S---A---- HD1 1 Linux Primary 1 ---X-A---- HD1 2 FAT32 Primary 2
The first record in above sample is a floppy drive (A:). The second and third records are the two hard disks (the MBRs). The next is a IDE CD-ROM. The next record is the first primary partition in the first hard disk, and so on.
The meaning of each column in Boot Menu is:
Flags : Attribute flags of each boot record, the meaning of each flag is: * : indicates that it's the default boot record. When the auto boot delay time is up, or the ESC key is pressed, this boot record will be automatically booted. p : indicates that it has password protection. Press F9 to change the password of the boot record. This password is noneffective unless the root password is set. Press F10 to set the root password. (The root password here has nothing to do with the root password in Linux!) S : indicates that this boot record was added to the schedule table, if the current time falls into this record's schedule, SmartBtmgr will set it as default boot record. Press Ctrl-S to set/unset the schedule of current record. k : indicates that this boot record has some keystrokes to be preloaded into the keyboard buffer before booting it. Press Ctrl-K to set/unset it. X : indicates that the swap drive id flag is set. While booting this record, its drive will be swapped with the bootable drive of the same type. For example, if this flag is set for a partition in the second hard disk (drv id=129), the drive with id 128 (0x80) and 129 (0x81) will be swapped while booting this partition. This feature is very useful if you want to boot DOS/Windows 9X/NT from the second or later hard disk. Press Ctrl+X to toggle this flag. a : indicates that this boot record will be automatically marked as active when booting it. Usually, the primary partition that installed DOS/Windows 9x/Windows NT should set this flag. Press F6 to toggle this flag. A : indicates that this primary partition was marked as active. Press F4 to mark it. h : indicates that this boot record will be automatically hidden when booting other records. This flag only affects the FAT and NTFS partitions. Press F7 to toggle this flag. H : indicates that this partition was already hidden. Press F5 to hide/unhide a partition. l : indicates that this boot record is a logical partition. D : indicates that this boot record is a disk drive, it can be a floppy drive or hard disk (MBR) in the current version. Number : The Drive No. and Partition No. of this boot record. The left column is Drive No., the right one is Partition No. For a floppy drive, the Drive No. is FD0 or FD1 (A: or B:), the Partition No. is always 0. For partitions, the Drive No. of the first hard disk is HD0, the Partition No. is same as the Linux convention. The CD-ROM Drive Number starts from CD0. Type : The partition type. For a disk drive, it's always NONE. Name : The name of the boot record. Press F3 to change it.
The global flags and information of Smart Boot Manager are displayed at the right bottom corner of the screen, it looks like:
|HD0|PSALE| 28: 30
The first area (HD0) is the BIOS ID of the current boot drive, the second area (PSALE) are the global flags, which mean:
P : Administrator password is available. S : Smart Boot Manager is in Security Lock Mode. A : Smart Boot Manager is in Administration mode. L : "Remember the last boot record" feature is turned on. E : Extended Int 13H is turned on.
The third area (28: 30) is the delay time counter.
SmartBtmgr has following hot keys:
F1 Show Help window Ctrl+F1 Show About window F2 Save changes F3 Rename the boot record F4 Mark the primary partition active F5 Hide/unhide the partition F6 Toggle auto active (only for primary partitions) F7 Toggle auto hide (only for partitions) F8 Set default boot record Shift+F8 Unset default boot record F9 Change boot record password F10 Change root password Ctrl+F10 Enter/leave the administrator mode Alt+F10 Enter/leave the Security Lock mode Ctrl+D Delete the boot record Ctrl+T Set delay time (seconds) Ctrl+I Rescan all boot records Ctrl+H Rescan all partitions Ctrl+P Duplicate the boot record Ctrl+U Move the boot record up Ctrl+N Move the boot record down Ctrl+S Set / unset the record's boot schedule Ctrl+K Set / unset the preload keystrokes Ctrl+X Toggle swap drive id flag Ctrl+F Change the style of Boot Menu Ctrl+L Toggle "Remember the last booted record" (If this feature is turned on, there will be a Red 'L' at right bottom of the screen.) Ctrl+Q Exit to BIOS Up,Down Move the focus bar / or ? Show information box Enter Boot it Keypad + Change Video mode, available video modes are 80x25 and 90x25. Home Delete Move the Boot Menu Window. End PageDown Ctrl+F12 Power Off. Tab(Alt) Open / Close the command menu. Alt-S Open / Close the System Settings Menu. Alt-R Open / Close the Record Settings Menu.
When the command menu is opened, following hot keys can be used:
Up,Down Move the command menu's focus bar. Enter Execute the focused command. Ctrl+Up Move the boot menu's focus bar. Ctrl+Down Home Delete Move the command menu. End PageDown Ctrl+Home Ctrl+Del Move the Boot Menu Window. Ctrl+End Ctrl+PgDn
Use Tab key to open or close the command menu, there are three command menus available: Main Menu, Record Settings Menu and System Settings Menu.
Help Open the Help window About Open the About window Save Changes Save the changes Boot it Boot the focused boot record Boot Previous MBR Boot the original MBR (before Smart Btmgr was installed) Record Settings Open the Record Settings Menu System Settings Open the System Settings Menu Quit Quit to BIOS (Try to boot the next bootable device) Power Off Turn the computer off (Needs Mother Board with APM)
Information Show the boot record's information Name Change the boot record's name Password Change the boot record's password Schedule Set/unset the Schedule time Keystrokes Set/unset the Keystrokes Mark Active Mark the boot record as active Hide/unhide Hide/unhide the boot record Auto Active Set/unset the Auto Active flag Auto Hide Set/unset the Auto Hide flag Swap Drive ID Set/unset the Swap Drive ID flag Delete Delete the boot record Duplicate Duplicate the boot record Move Up move the boot record up Move Down move the boot record down
Root Password Set the Root(Administrator) Password Toggle Admin Mode Enter/Leave the administration mode Toggle Security Mode Enter/Leave the security mode Set Default Record Set focused boot record as the default record Unset Default Record Unset default boot record Set Delay Time Set the delay time Change Boot Menu Style Change the style of Boot Menu (Hide Flags, Number, Type from Boot Menu). Toggle Remember Last Toggle "Remember the last boot record". There is a Red 'L' at the bottom of the screen to indicate this switch. Toggle Extended Int13H Turn on/off BIOS Extended Int13H. Rescan All Boot Records Rescan all boot records and rebuild the boot menu Rescan All Partitions Rescan all partitions and rebuild the boot menu Set CD-ROM I/O Ports Set the I/O ports of IDE CD-ROM by hand. Set year (fix Y2K BIOS bug) Set the correct year for old buggy BIOS. Install Smart BootManager Install Smart BootManager onto a selected drive Uninstall Smart BootManager Uninstall current Smart BootManager
The password scheme of SmartBtmgr is very flexible. One root password can be set for administrator. Different access passwords can be assigned to each boot record to restrict access to this record.
If the root password was set, there will be a 'P' character displayed at the right bottom of the screen.
There are three security modes available:
In this mode, following operations need the Boot Record Password:
All other operations except "Save Changes" need the Root Password.
In this mode, all operations except "Boot the Record" need the Root Password. The Boot Record Password is needed to boot the record. This mode is the most secure mode, you should switch SmartBtmgr into this mode after you finish configuring it. When SmartBtmgr is in this mode, there will be a 'S' char displayed at the right bottom of the screen.
Use Alt-F10 key to Enter or Leave this mode.
In this mode, all operations do not need any password! This mode is only used to configure SmartBtmgr! When SmartBtmgr is in this mode, there will be a 'A' char displayed at the right bottom of the screen.
Use Ctrl-F10 key to Enter or Leave this mode.
If no key is pressed within the delay time, the default boot record will be booted automatically.
If the delay time is set to zero, the user interface will not be displayed and the default boot record will be booted automatically. Hold the Ctrl key while rebooting the computer to enter the user interface of SmartBtmgr again.
If the delay time is set to 255, there is no time limit to boot the default boot record.
A boot record can be assigned a scheduled time/days range. When booting the computer each time, if the current time falls within the scheduled time range of a boot record, Smart Btmgr will set this boot record as the default record.
If the delay time was set to zero, this boot record will be booted automatically.
Use Ctrl-S key to set or unset a boot record's scheduled time range.
The minimal unit of a scheduled time range is a minute, and the format must be:
The first hh:mm is the beginning time, the second hh:mm is the ending time. It uses 24 hour format. The days field is a set of number rangeing from 0 to 6, each number indicates a day (0-6, indicate Sunday-Saturday). If the days field is missing, all of the days will be selected. For example, if a boot record will be used between 8:00 am to 2:30 pm every Monday to Friday, the time range must be entered as:
Smart Btmgr can store some keystrokes into keyboard buffer before booting an OS. This feature may be used to control the boot configuration of the OS. For example, storing the Alt-F5 key combination into the keyboard buffer before booting Windows 9x, will have it go into command prompt mode directly.
Using this feature together with the Ctrl-P (Duplicate Boot Record) hot key , you can create multiple boot records for an OS, each boot record boots the OS into a special environment.
For example, you can create three boot records for your Windows 9x System, one is the normal boot record, another one is a safe mode boot record and the last one is the command prompt mode.
Use Ctrl-K key to set or disable this feature of a boot record.
While setting the keystrokes of a boot record, there will be an information box at the center of the screen, which indicates the key code of the last pressed key and how many keys been pressed. Smart Btmgr can only store a maximum of 13 keys for each boot record. Press <Scroll Lock> keys to finish the input.
Note: By default LILO will discard all keys in keyboard buffer when it starts. So this feature might not work on your LILO. You should recompile LILO to enable this feature:
* First edit the Makefile, add "-DNODRAIN" at the end of the line "CONFIG = ...":
CONFIG = .... -DNODRAIN
* Second recompile and install LILO:
$ make; make install $ lilo
You must be root to do this!
If you want to boot DOS, Windows 9x/NT/2000 or some other OS from the second or later hard disk, you will find that this feature is very useful.
If you turn on this flag for a partition on the second or later hard disk, this drive will be swapped with the bootable drive (ID = 0x80) while booting this partition. Then the OS will run as if it is on the first hard disk.
If you want to install Smart Boot Manager from the user interface, first select a disk drive's boot record, then use the command "Install Smart BootManager" (in System Settings Menu). A dialog will appear to let you confirm, press Y to continue the installation.
You can only install Smart BootManager onto a disk drive, installation into a partition is not allowed.
If you want to uninstall current Smart Boot Manager, just use command "Uninstall Smart BootManager" (in System Settings Menu). But, be careful, this uninstallation command can only restore the MBR area, any other hidden sectors occupied by Smart BootManager will not be restored.
Smart BootManager supports booting from almost all kinds of IDE ATAPI CD-ROM, including PCMCIA CD-ROM. But some special IDE controllers may have different I/O ports, which prevent Smart BootManager from finding the CD-ROM. In this case, you can set the I/O ports by hand. Run the command "Set CD-ROM I/O Ports" (in System Settings Menu). An input box will appear to let you input the I/O ports. Each IDE controller has two I/O ports, e.g. 0x1F0,0x3F6 (the master IDE controller). Input those I/O ports exactly in the following format:
1F0,3F6 (Uppercase hex numbers with a comma in the middle)
After entering the I/O ports, you must use the command "Rescan All Drives" (Ctrl-I) to find the CD-ROM.
When you boot a CD disc with multiple boot images, there will be a menu to let you choose an image to boot.
SmartBtmgr allows you to boot DOS/Windows 9X from a logical FAT partition. But the setup program of DOS/Windows 9X is too poor to install it into a logical FAT partition.
I have no any idea of how you install DOS/Windows 9X into a logical FAT partition directly, but you can transfer a working copy of DOS/Windows 9X from a primary FAT partition to a logical one, by using some other utility such as Norton Ghost.
In order to boot a DOS/Windows 9X that is installed in a logical FAT partition, you must hide all FAT partitions before it.
You can toggle on the Auto Hide switch of each FAT partition, if you tired of hiding partitions every time.
If this partition is on the second or later hard disk, the Swap drive ID flag might be turned on as well.
One of common methods of installing DOS/Windows 9x into the second (or later) HD is to unplug all other HDs that are before this hard disk OSes, plug all the HDs back in, then you can use Smart BootManager to boot the OSes on the second or later HD by turning on the Swap drive ID flag of the partition.